Friday, January 19, 2018

Diabetes Information Overview

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Category: Diabetes

Diabetes mellitus is a group of diseases characterized by high levels of blood glucose resulting from defects in insulin production, insulin action, or both. Diabetes can be associated with serious complications and premature death, but people with diabetes can take steps to control the disease and lower the risk of complications.

Types of Diabetes

Type 1 Diabetes: Type 1 diabetes was previously called insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) or juvenile-onset diabetes. Type 1 diabetes develops when the body’s immune system destroys pancreatic beta cells, the only cells in the body that make the hormone insulin that regulates blood glucose. This form of diabetes usually strikes children and young adults, although disease onset can occur at any age. Type 1 diabetes may account for 5% to 10% of all diagnosed cases of diabetes. Risk factors for type 1 diabetes may include autoimmune, genetic, and environmental factors.

Type 2 Diabetes: Type 2 diabetes was previously called non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) or adult-onset diabetes. Type 2 diabetes may account for about 90% to 95% of all diagnosed cases of diabetes. It usually begins as insulin resistance, a disorder in which the cells do not use insulin properly. As the need for insulin rises, the pancreas gradually loses its ability to produce insulin. Type 2 diabetes is associated with older age, obesity, family history of diabetes, history of gestational diabetes, impaired glucose metabolism, physical inactivity, and race/ethnicity. African Americans, Hispanic/Latino Americans, American Indians, and some Asian Americans and Native Hawaiians or Other Pacific Islanders are at particularly high risk for type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is increasingly being diagnosed in children and adolescents.

Gestational Diabetes: Gestational diabetes is a form of glucose intolerance that is diagnosed in some women during pregnancy. Gestational diabetes occurs more frequently among African Americans, Hispanic/Latino Americans, and American Indians. It is also more common among obese women and women with a family history of diabetes. During pregnancy, gestational diabetes requires treatment to normalize maternal blood glucose levels to avoid complications in the infant. After pregnancy, 5% to 10% of women with gestational diabetes are found to have type 2 diabetes. Women who have had gestational diabetes have a 20% to 50% chance of developing diabetes in the next 5-10 years.

Other Types of Diabetes: Other specific types of diabetes result from specific genetic conditions (such as maturity-onset diabetes of youth), surgery, drugs, malnutrition, infections, and other illnesses. Such types of diabetes may account for 1% to 5% of all diagnosed cases of diabetes.

Source: CDC


8 Responses to “Diabetes Information Overview”
  1. Amanda says:

    Is type 2 the one when you have to get the pill or the needle.

  2. Amanda says:

    how do i stop my chance of getting type one or two?

  3. Health Editor says:

    The National Diabetes Education Program has a Diabetes prevention brochure called: Small Steps. Big Rewards. Your GAME PLAN to Prevent Type 2 Diabetes: Information for Patients.

  4. xXxchinkyxXx says:

    Ur article was really nice.
    It really helps me a lot..
    But my question is..
    “Is der any herbal for the curement of a young lady who is suffering from diabetes..?”
    Thankz a lot guyz..
    God bless u..

  5. KELLY says:

    This site is grt8. It helps me alot in my research on diabetes. Thanks alot guys 4 postin this info.

  6. vinusha says:

    which medicine is good for diabatic patient type 2?is that medicine can control it?

  7. erin says:

    Wat about tha ppl tha have low blood sugar instead of high???is there anything we can do??

  8. zaw win says:

    I have diabetes level 216,I never get before.My age is 56.
    Doctor said my heart is big.What should I do? My normal diabetes level is round about 130.If diabetes go to 130 level
    my heart go to normal?????